International Journal of Perceptions in Public Health Google Scholar IJPPH en-US International Journal of Perceptions in Public Health 2399-8164 <p>The copyright for all articles belongs to the authors. All other copyright is held by the journal.</p> Bioethical Perspective of Charlie Gard Case <p>This short commentary is about the ethical, rather bioethical, issues of the Charlie Gard case in the United Kingdom. The commentary tries to analyse the case from bioethical perspective and outlines some of the pertinent bioethical issues.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rhyddhi Chakraborty ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 1 5 Train the trainer approach to oral health in early year’s settings <p>Aim: Improve knowledge and confidence of children’s centre staff in oral health Method: Multi disciplinary team training of those who work with children under 5 to promote Oral health.&nbsp; Results: The importance and awareness of Oral health and hygiene for under 5s was raised. Knowledge and confidence in discussing oral health was raised.&nbsp; Conclusions: This work could be rolled out to cover other areas by using a similar model. The program will be of limited effect if it is not maintained annually with a rolling program of training&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Samantha Glover ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 6 10 A Fourth-Generation Methodological Practice on A Study of Speech Dysfunctions of Children with Cerebral Palsy <p>This article has a concern on marginalization due to problems in linguistic education of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). These children are affected on their development and gross motor functions. We observed Bengali children - age between 3 and 18 and from different socio-economic status -, while attend diagnostic and intervention in Tertiary level hospital. Their verbal and nonverbal communications based on their expressive language functioning&nbsp; and the nature of speech problem in Bengali children with cerebral palsy and autism. This article follows a fourth-generation methodological research to propose a contemporary view of linguistic education more responsive to the difficulties of these children and to monitor their development in order to bring benefits to society.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Fahmida Ferdous Dionéia Motta Monte-Serrat Md. Mashukur Rahman Chisty Md. Faruq Alam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 11 23 Case study and Review on Dengue Fever: An Emerging Public Health Issue <p>Dengue is an emerging public health concern not only in Asian subcontinent but also in remote areas of world secondary to increase in number of mosquitoes, congested living facilities &amp; lack of personal hygiene. Annually, morbidity and mortality secondary to dengue has created significant public health concerns from a socio-economic standpoint which requires increased awareness to general public. In this paper, we discuss a case of a patient who was diagnosed with dengue in urban India. Here we elaborate upon various systemic manifestations of dengue fever and also demonstrate the progression of this patient throughout the time course in hospital. In addition, we also elaborate on an interesting public health model that has been used to risk stratify areas affected with Dengue.</p> Smit Shah Rachana Tyagi Praful Shah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 24 30 Knowledge attitude and behavior towards dietary salt intake among Bangladeshi medical and nonmedical undergraduate students <p><strong>Background:</strong> High dietary salt is intertwined with high blood pressure and can lead to cardiovascular diseases. Bangladeshi population is habituated with high salt intake including added salt use during meal which is also noticeable among doctors and faculties. Again, there was no any information among Bangladeshi medical and nonmedical students addressing this issue. <strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and behavior about dietary salt among Bangladeshi medical and nonmedical undergraduate students as well as also to compare findings. <strong>Methods:</strong> It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 280 medical and nonmedical undergraduate students in Dhaka city with equal number of students from each group. Medical students were from MBBS and physiotherapy background, whereas nonmedical students were from business, law, engineering and pharmacy background recruited by purposive sampling technique for institutions and respondents both. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire developed with the help of WHO Modified Salt Module of STEPS Questionnaire. &nbsp;Data were managed accordingly and analyzed by SPSS-21 in terms of both descriptive and comparative statistics. All of the ethical issues were maintained accordingly prior to collection of data from each respondents. <strong>Results:</strong> Men dominated in both groups (medical, 59.3% and nonmedical, 64.3%) and the mean age of the respondents was 22.0±2.0 and 21.8±1.9 years in medical and nonmedical group respectively. Medical students possessed more knowledge and showed more positive attitude towards dietary salt intake than the nonmedical students. There were significant differences between the groups regarding the perception on health effect of salt (<em>p</em>, 0.005) and importance of lowering salt (<em>p</em>, 0.040). Nonmedical students were significantly more habituated in practicing added salt (<em>p</em>, 0.001) and high salt contained processed food (<em>p</em>, 0.012) than the counterpart. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Medical students had better knowledge, attitude and less practicing habit towards dietary salt. Yet, health education program is needed for both groups especially for the nonmedical group regarding to encourage less dietary salt practice.</p> Rajib Mondal Rajib Chandra Sarker Palash Chandra Banik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 31 37 The Knowledge Attitude and Practices of shepherds regarding Crimean Congo Hemogenic Fever, Balochistan, Pakistan <p><strong>Background :</strong>Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is an infectious disease and a growing public health issue in Pakistan. Thus, more research on awareness assessment vital for developing a planned inquiry form to initiate an activity of interrogating.<strong>Methodology:</strong> The current survey was initiated in Balochistan where disease is endemic. A cross sectional survey was plotted through April 2016 to June 2016, in district Loralai, Balochistan and a total of 420 subjects were part of this survey. The questioning was led in Makhtar; the beneficiary group was comprised of shepherds. Information was gathered through a structured data collecting tool regarding Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever.<strong>Results :</strong>The implication of Statistical analysis of the accumulated information unveiled that (279) 66% of shepherds had low level of knowledge while only (141) 38.6% had good preventive practices. A notable amount (261) 62% had negative attitude. Status of education (P= 0.018), monthly income (P= 0.173) and age (P= 0.000) of the respondents had significant association with their practices about prevention of CCHF. Most shepherds had varying levels of knowledge about ticks and tick-borne diseases, while 46.2% knew any preventive practice regarding CCHF. There was a strongly associated relationship between knowledge and practices of shepherds related to CCHF prevention measures (P&lt;0.000).<strong>Conclusion :</strong>Raising community awareness regarding CCHF and route of its dispatch is suggested through various broadcasting and radio medium; despite that the role of health workers in the health system of Pakistan is important, they can be utilized in training of rural population. Activities to raise awareness among shepherds are important to be integrated.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Aamir Hasni Sheh Mureed Amna Baig Dawood Marri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 38 47 Knowledge of Malaria and preventive practices among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Manhyia District Hospital <p>Malaria is hyper endemic in Ghana with perennial transmission afflicting and affecting people of all ages and it is a major cause of illness and death in Ghana, particularly among pregnant women. The study sought to find out the knowledge of Malaria and preventive practices among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Manhyia District Hospital. The study was carried out at the Manhyia District Hospital. A descriptive study design was adopted employing a quantitative approach and a simple random sampling technique was used to select 103 pregnant women attending ANC at the Manhyia Hospital. The research made use of questionnaire as a data collection instrument and Closed ended questionnaire were used for data collection. Primary data were coded and analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 16.0).After that, the primary data were summarised and displayed in tables and figures.&nbsp; Malaria was perceived as when body temperature rises and it can be transmitted by a mosquito bite. Fever was identified as a symptom of Malaria as well as pain in the joints, vomiting and loss of appetite. Practices that have been used to prevent malaria were the use of mosquito net (46%); keeping clean environment (24%) use of insecticide (28%) and wearing protective clothing (2%).<strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>Continuous efforts at providing necessary information by the health ministry are needed to control and reduce incidence of malaria and improve knowledge among the general public.</p> Reindolf Anokye Edmund Isaac Obeng ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 48 55 Awareness and Perception of National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) among Librarians’ in Nigeria. <p>The Federal Government of Nigeria in 2005 established the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) with the aim of improving access to healthcare delivery for its populace. This study assessed awareness and perception of National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) among the librarian. Descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted for the study and questionnaire was used for the data collection. A total of 120 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents of the study and 108, representing 90% response rate, were duly completed and returned. The data was coded and analyzed using tables, frequency distribution, percentages and graphs. The findings of the study showed a high level of awareness of the scheme among librarians in Nigeria. The most common source of awareness about the scheme among the respondents is through radio/television. The finding of the study also shows that greater numbers of respondents are registered with the scheme. However, there is mixed feelings about the general aspects of the scheme and services delivered. Therefore, based on the findings, it suggested the need for the scheme providers to scale up their education on the NHIS especially on the components of the scheme as well as ensure healthcare facilities for better service delivery.</p> Olalekan Moses Olayemi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 56 63 Identifying the Associations of Currently Breastfeeding Status and Socio-Demographic Factors of Children Aged 6 to 23 Months of Age in Bangladesh <p>Breastfeeding contributes to the immunological and cognitive development of the children along with the health and happiness of the mother. In context of Bangladesh, the information regarding breastfeeding practice remains under the shade of other health issue. Therefore, this study aims to identify the association of currently breastfeeding status and socio-demographic factors of children aged 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. All data including currently breastfeeding status and socio-demographic factors were obtained from the data set of Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS) 2011. A total of 2,227 children aged 6–23 months were selected for analysis by using different exclusion and inclusion sampling criteria. Chi-square test was performed to identify the correlation between mother’s breastfeeding status and the socio-demographic variables. The simple presentation of dimension index provides a true picture to the reader. Multilevel factors, such as, age of child, father’s education and employment status, socio-economic status, and place of residence were identified that incorporate the meaningful influences on mother’s breastfeeding status. The findings of this study will be considered by the stake holder to generate an effective strategies for the betterment of the future generation aged 6 to 23 months in future.</p> Md. Razwan Hasan Khan Chowdhury Md. Mostafijur Rahman Shamsun Naher Md. Aminul Islam Md. Amirul Islam Md. Sabuj Hoshen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 2 1 64 75