International Journal of Perceptions in Public Health Google Scholar IJPPH en-US International Journal of Perceptions in Public Health 2399-8164 <p>The copyright for all articles belongs to the authors. All other copyright is held by the journal.</p> Determinants of mother’s health-seeking behavior during common childhood illness in a coastal area of Bangladesh <p><strong>Background: </strong>The government of Bangladesh has committed to stop preventable child deaths in the country before 2035.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To attain this, the government is promoting research-based interventions. This study aims to understand the determinants of health-seeking behavior of mothers during common childhood illnesses in the coastal areas of Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>A cross-sectional study and face-to-face survey interview using a semi-structured questionnaire was conducted from 384 mothers to explore determinants of mothers’ healthcare seeking behavior during common childhood illness<strong>. </strong>This study was conducted in two villages of Teknaf upazila (sub-district) in Cox’s Bazar district between February and August 2014.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Out of 384 mothers, 65.4% had reported illness in their children in the 14 days preceding the survey. Most of the mothers (48.6%) reported that their children suffered from fever, cough and cold, and 35.2% of them sought self-care or home remedy on the first action.&nbsp; Mothers’ awareness regarding the danger signs of childhood illness was poor. Moreover, mothers’ education, household monthly income, monthly expenditure on health treatment, and mothers’ knowledge regarding danger signs acted as determinants for mothers seeking formal care during childhood illness.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Aiming to ending preventable child deaths, it is necessary to implement intervention focusing on improving maternal education and household income opportunities. More research to explore health seeking behavior encompassing seasonal variation and facility assessment are needed to understand comprehensively the determinants of health seeking behavior of mothers.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Health-seeking behaviour, Childhood illness, Mother, Healthcare, Determinants</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Md Aminul Haque Sanjoy Saha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-06 2018-05-06 2 2 76 87 Pattern Of Morbidities of Under -5 year Children and Health Seeking Behaviour of their mother in rural community of Bangladesh <p><strong>Background</strong></p> <p>Bangladesh is one of the densely populated countries in the world. The children constitute a larger proportion of the total population in Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong></p> <p>The objective of this study was to detect the morbidity pattern of under-five children and health-seeking behavior of their mother in the rural community of Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong></p> <p>It was a descriptive type of cross-sectional study, carried at Taltola in the rural area of Dhamrai Upazilla. It was conducted from January 2017- June 2017 and study subjects were 360.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong></p> <p>The mean age of the respondents with SD 21.36 ± 5.86 years. Less than one-third of the respondents were Illiterate. The mean family income was BDT 10,750 (SD±4929). More than two-thirds (81.23%) of the respondent had only one under-five child. Maximum of the children were completely vaccinated (67.22%). Most of the children suffered from common cold (48.3%), then Diarrhea (19.95%). More than fifty percent children were female (52.5%). The majority of the respondents took advice from pharmacy man (45.51%) and less than five percent (2.09%) did not take any advice.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>Under five-year-old children are mostly affected by the common cold. Majority of the respondents took their children to Pharmacy man for treatment purpose.</p> <p>Keywords: Under-5 Children, Health-seeking behaviour, Childhood Morbidity, Education, Income</p> <h1><strong>&nbsp;</strong></h1> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Tareque Hasan MD. Abu Jafar Sujan Bikash Chandra Sah Md. Al Amin Khan Ishraque Chowdhury S.M. Rahbar Ashiq Taswir MD Shafiul Alam Pavel S.M Shamiul Hoque Chowdhury ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-06 2018-05-06 2 2 88 93 The impact of HIV/AIDS education through formal curriculum and texts in Bangladesh: A study on secondary and higher secondary students <p><strong>Background:</strong> The education sector in Bangladesh provides students with facts about HIV/AIDS which may emerge as a major public health and socioeconomic problem affecting students.</p> <p><strong>Objective</strong>: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS education through Formal Curriculum and Texts (FCT) on secondary and higher secondary students in Bangladesh.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Using multistage cluster sampling technique, a total of 384 students aged between 11-19 years were chosen from four secondary and higher secondary institutions in Bangladesh and interviewed through a predesigned structured questionnaire. For triangulation of the quantitative findings, the study employed Key Informant Interview (KII) technique to collect qualitative data from the teachers.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings of the study show that a little more than half of the students (53.1 percent) reported that HIV/AIDS education prevented students from having unprotected intercourse while 52.60 percent of them stated that it helped to increase self-efficacy. Again, a significant proportion of the students (70.1 percent) said that HIV/AIDS education removed their misconceptions. The results of the current study demonstrated that students of urban educational institution, secondary students, followers of Islam, students having service as the source of household income, and those having more income showed greater propensity to report that AIDS education through FCT made them more conscious of HIV/AIDS. It can be said that the textbooks of secondary and higher secondary students lack sufficient information about HIV/AIDS.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Therefore, the Government of Bangladesh may take an initiative to include more information about HIV/AIDS in the textbooks of secondary and higher secondary students.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><span class="fontstyle0">HIV/AIDS, Curriculum, Education,School student, Bangladesh</span> <strong><br style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: -webkit-auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;"> </strong></p> Md. Nazmul Huda Afsana Ferdous ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-06 2018-05-06 2 2 94 107 Barriers to facility-based delivery in Niger State, North Central Nigeria <p><strong>Background: </strong>Institutional based delivery correlates directly in reducing death arising from complications of pregnancy. Despite various government interventions and policies to improve skilled birth attendant, facility- based delivery is still very low in Niger state. <strong>Objectives: </strong>The purpose of the study was to determine the cause of low utilisation of facility for delivery in Niger state.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The research was a quantitative, cross sectional study carried out across the 25 LGAs of Niger state in the north central Nigeria. A pretested self-administered questionnaire in&nbsp; English language was administered on a&nbsp; cross-section of 408 women of reproductive age that delivered in the last 2 years. SPSS version 20 was used to analysed the study. Chi-square was used to test association between the covariates and dependent variables.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>About 86% of the participant have attended antenatal clinic at least ones, with median visits of 4. Only 42.8% of the respondents delivered in the health facilities. The factors that had significant difference with facility based delivery include having higher education (p= 0.000), been employed (p= 0.005). Those that attended antenatal clinics (p=0.000) are more likely to deliver in the hospital than those who do not attend. Those of Nupe affiliation (p=0.008) were more likely to deliver in the health facility than other ethnic groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Despite the high ANC utilisation found in this study, the proportion of women who used health facility for delivery is low, and the major factor responsible was sudden onset of labour, which is usually due to lack of planning stemming from low quality antenatal care.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Keywords: </strong>Nigeria, Delivery, Antenatal care, pregnancy, Health facility</p> Junaidu Inuwa Abdulsalam Ahmed Samuel Ndagi Jiya Muhammad Khaliliu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-06 2018-05-06 2 2 108 114 Association of oral health during pregnancy with birth outcomes: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study from District Rawalpindi <p><strong>Background: </strong>Infection caused by periodontal disease, remains as an independent cause of preterm birth, where production of inflammatory mediators stimulates immune and inflammatory responses resulting in premature birth.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>The aim of this study is to improve oral health during pregnancy to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes and oral complications.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>It was a comparative cross-sectional study. Total 94 women were randomly selected and interviewed at THQ Hospital, Gujar Khan during the duration of three months. Two groups were made, one group was the group of mothers who gave birth to babies with normal term and weight while other group was the group of&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; mothers who delivered preterm or LBW babies. Data was collected through a questionnaire and then entered and analyzed through SPSS.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Results: </strong>Upon oral examination, study revealed that 43.6% were those in which the periodontal disease was absent, 43.6% was there in mild condition and 12.8% were in moderate periodontitis and there was no participant with severe periodontitis. On comparing oral health status between mothers of two groups of normal babies and babies of LBW or babies born prematurely it was observed that mothers of 10 babies were&nbsp; having mild periodontitis.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: This study concluded that there is need to work on the improvement of knowledge and awareness&nbsp;&nbsp; regarding maintenance of oral health among&nbsp; pregnant women and&nbsp; women of child bearing age.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Keywords:</strong> Pregnancy, Birth, Oral, Periodontitis, Comparative study</p> Beenish Rubab Walid Hassan Rehmat Ullah Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-06 2018-05-06 2 2 115 123