Impact of Women’s Education and Contraceptives use on Nepalese Fertility
This article is a review of research and findings on women’s education, contraceptives used and their effect on Nepalese fertility. This paper would also analysis the impact and situation of Nepalese women’s education and how to effect on their contraceptive behavior and fertility outcomes. The material is drawn from a range of Nepal Demographic Health surveys, Nepalese censuses and different (GOs, INGOs) publications. This study investigates the effect of the women education, supply of birth control methods on fertility behavior by exploring the effects of Nepalese’s 59 years’ period of continued fertility responsive policies. Between 1956 and 2002 Nepal had adopted family planning was the main method of birth control. In 2002, the Nepalese Government decided to make easy and legalized abortion as non-contraceptives methods. Due to those policies Nepalese fertility, might be started falling pattern (MOHP, 2014). Development is itself a contraceptive for reducing fertility. Female education, of course, affects or interacts with a wide variety of factors such as age at marriage, high involvement of women on socio-economic sectors and high priority of women employment opportunities outside the home, social mobility, husband-wife communication, religiosity, infant mortality, exposure to contraceptive information and devices, and the like, each of which, in turn, has been proposed to bear directly on fertility.
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