Levels of Consumption of Complementary Foods among Underweight Children from 6 to 23 Months in Bangladesh
Inadequate and inappropriate consumptions of complementary foods among under five years of age, is a burning agenda over the nutritional status of children in Bangladesh. The aim of the study is to measure the level of consumption of complementary foods among underweight children from 6 to 23 months in Bangladesh. All data including complementary food patterns, nutritional status and other socio-demographic factors were obtained from Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 data set. A total of 706 underweight children aged 6–23 months were selected for analysis. A simple but prominent index called “dimension index” was used to estimate the level of consumption of complementary foods among children. T-test and ANOVA test have been used to identify the mean difference of the level of consumption of complementary foods among underweight children aged 6 to 23 months. The overall mean level consumption of complimentary foods was 22.5%. The study also identified that the multilevel factors, such as, age of child, birth order of child, size of the child, mother’s education, father’s education, father’s employment status, socio-economic status, food insecurity and place of residence are responsible for assessing significant mean differences of the level consumption of complementary foods among underweight children aged 6 to 23 months. Concerned stakeholders must take into account multilevel social factors while formulating strategies to improve nutritional status among children.
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