Social Determinants of Rape in Ezinihitte-Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria
Rape is a form of gender based violation and a crime of obtaining sexual consent or submission forcefully or by use of threat. The recent incidences of rape in Ezinihitte-Mbaise appeared to have threatened the socio-economic activities of the area. This study examined the social determinants of rape in Ezinihitte-Mbaise Local Government Area (LGA) of Imo state, Nigeria. The theoretical thrust of the study is the Marxian theory of crime. The study participants and sample size were 324 adult residents of the area. They were selected using multi-stage sampling procedure for the questionnaire, and purposive sampling was used to select three In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) respondents. Instruments for data collection were questionnaire and IDIs. Quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and interpreted in percentages and frequency distribution Tables. Transcription of the recorded electronic and field note interviews provided data for the qualitative analysis. The study amongst others found that walking unaccompanied in the night, visiting of an acquaintance at lonely places, use of abusive words on men that make advances and high bride price were the notable social determinants of rape. It therefore concluded that untill the sentimental family vale is being restored; the monetization of marital relation and institutionalized structures of patriarchy removed; females would continue to suffer sexual molestation. The study recommended amongst others adequate security at night; females to avoid walking unaccompanied in the night or use of abusive words on men that make advances.
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