Prevalence of Hepatitis C, HIV and Syphilis among the blood donors of Faridpur, Bangladesh
Transfusion of blood and blood components save millions of lives and reduce morbidity but also increase transmission risk of HCV, HIV and syphilis is associated with it with other complications. Effective screening procedure can prevent this infectious blood from entering the blood pool. A retrospective type of descriptive study has been conducted among the 719 blood donors in the Faridpur district of Bangladesh for four months in 2013. Face to face interview, blood grouping test, and detection of HBsAg through ELISA based assay were parts of the study.Young aged donors and B positive blood groups were predominant. More of them were replacement donors and male persons. Most of the documented donors were Muslim than other religions. In our study, seroprevalence of syphilis was 2%, hepatitis C was 0.7%, and HIV was 0.4%. The common frequent age for the hepatitis C, HIV, and syphilis infection was above 49 years, 20 to 24 years, and 25 to 29 years respectively. Males were chiefly infected due to hepatitis C where females were chiefly infected by syphilis. All types of blood groups showed more infection by syphilis, than hepatitis C or HIV. About 4.3% of the voluntary donors were infected where only 2.6% of replacement donors were positive for these infections. The seroprevalence of these TTIs indicate that we need to tighten our surveillance on blood transfusion to prevent transmission of these agents. Introduction of nucleic acid testing (NAT) in our national guideline for transfusion is also recommend.
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