Neurolinguistics, Language and Time: investigating the verbal art in its amplitude
In this paper, we depart from the two-dimensional structure of language, as proposed by Jakobson, in order to conduct an investigation in which Neurolinguistics and Mathematics are articulated with the purpose to discuss issues involving the study of language disorders. The language of mathematics allows for portraying the real as a process. And that was the means by which, instead of establishing reflections about language in the two-dimensional structure, we proceeded to study it under a three-dimensional perspective that takes into account the factor time in the vector space, characterized as a space of probabilities. We have established a counterpoint between truncated enunciations by subjects with language disorders and enunciation according to the poetic function as defined by Jakobson. Although Jakobson refers to language (with its standing structure) and neglects speech in the bipolar structure, in this study, we propose the articulation of speech to the element time, thus providing the structure of language with a third dimension. We concluded that language learning places enunciation in a structure where time counts; the temporal element crosses linguistic particularities and inserts a value in enunciation, thus opening possibilities in meaning change (an event, according to Pêcheux, 2002), and this makes the subject viable by guaranteeing him quality of life.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The copyright for all articles belongs to the authors. All other copyright is held by the journal.