KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE REGARDING PRECONCEPTION CARE AMONG ANTENATAL MOTHERS
Background: Despite recent acknowledgment of the importance of providing preconception care (PCC) to reproductive aged women, many women remain under-informed and underserved in this area. This research was conducted to assess the level of knowledge and practice regarding preconception care among antenatal mothers. Method: A descriptive cross- sectional study was conducted among the antenatal mothers attending the out-patient department of Bharatpur hospital, Chitwan. Sample of 100 antenatal mothers was selected by using purposive sampling method and data was collected by using semi structured interview schedule. Result: Out of 100 respondents, half (50%) of the respondents were of the age group 21-25 year with the mean age of 23.5, cent percent (100%) of the respondents were married and most of them were multipara. Regarding the knowledge of preconception care, more than half (51%) of the respondents had inadequate level of knowledge as followed by those having moderate (42%) level of knowledge and adequate (7%) knowledge. Regarding the level of practice, about half (49%) of respondents had poor level of practice followed by those having good (26%) and fair (25%) level of practice. Not any association was found between socio demographic characteristics and level of practice and level of knowledge. However, level of knowledge and practice was found to be significantly correlated with each other (r=0.000). Conclusion: The knowledge and practice of the antenatal mothers regarding preconception care is relatively poor so awareness programs related to preconception care should be conducted to enhance the knowledge of mother which consequently helps in increasing their standard practice as well.
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