ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS LEVEL AMONG THE DIAGNOSTIC RADIOGRAPHERS OF KANDY DISTRICT IN SRI LANKA
Background: Occupational stress is a complex bio psychosocial situation and has been recognized worldwide as a major health hazard for employees. There are no published studies identifying the occupational stress level among Radiographers in Sri Lanka.
Objective: To assess the occupational stress level among the diagnostic radiographers of Kandy district in Sri Lanka.
Method: This was a descriptive study. Thirty diagnostic radiographers from seven government hospitals were evaluated using self-administered questionnaires. Stress level was assessed by occupational stress index method based on an individual score. The obtained results were statistically analyzed using Chi-Square test with MINITAB; Version 16.0. The significant causes of stress and the activities which help to minimize the stress were found out from the results.
Results: Out of the thirty radiographers, 6% were in low stress level, 77% were in moderate stress level and 17% were in high stress level.
Some of the factors which showed significant association with stress were high work load (92%), less salary (85%), working under tensed circumstances (75%), disturbance from colleagues and subordinates (82%), insufficient resources and employees (83%) and administrative pressures (75%). 72% of radiographers in the teaching hospitals and 100% of radiographers in the other hospitals were in moderate stress level.
Counseling programs, installing new equipment with advancing technologies and training programs to improve the skills were some of the suggestions made to minimize the stress.
Conclusion: 77% of radiographers in Kandy district were experiencing moderate level of stress. High work load, inadequate payment, role conflict, resource inadequacy and administrative pressures were the common factors influencing the stress.
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