Pattern of Refractive Error among the children attending Biratnagar Eye Hospital, Nepal
Background: Uncorrected refractive error is the commonest cause of childhood blindness and visual impairment. It can easily be prevented by taking proper measures in time. Hyperopia, Myopia and Astigmatism are the common types of childhood refractive errors. To find out the pattern of Refractive error and amblyopia among the children attending the Pediatric Outpatient Department in Biratnagar Eye Hospital, Nepal.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study design was used. Inclusion criteria were children with refractive errors aged between 2-15 years attending pediatric OPD both from urban and rural areas of Eastern Nepal and neighbouring country India from October 2015 to March 2016. In these children pattern of refractive errors was determined. The data was entered into excel and analyzed by using SPSS 17. Chi-square test was used for categorical data.
Result: The prevalence of refractive error in Biratnagar Eye Hospital was 6.2%. The commonest types of refractive error were Astigmatism (35.5%) followed by Hyperopia (30.3%) and Myopia (28.1%). It was more common in rural areas (69%). Amblyopia was present in 38% of children having Refractive error.
Conclusion: The prevalence of refractive error and amblyopia in Biratnagar Eye Hospital was high, astigmatism was the commonest type of refractive error and was found more in 11-15 year age groups mainly in a rural area.
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