Gender Marginality and Health Hazard: A Study on Women Waste Collectors in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Gender marginality is considered as the foremost and commonest predictor of woman’s health. The study firstly aims to examine the prevalence of gender marginality as well as health hazards among women waste collectors and then focuses on the significant relationship between the variables. A sample of 122 women waste collectors was picked up for the study and was interviewed with a predefined structured questionnaire. The data collected through survey were analyzed applying both descriptive and bivariate statistics. Women gender was found marginal on the basis of four indicators of gender marginality e.g. economic marginality, cognitive marginality, decisive marginality and permissive marginality that were associated with shared occupation, health hazards, and work injury. Also, Cramer’s V was used to unmask the depth of the association. The women waste collectors suffered from respiratory health problems including breathlessness (58.2%), cough (43.4%) and chest pain (31.1%); skin problem counting skin rash (24.6%) and itching (41%); musculoskeletal disorder involving back pain (36.9%) and joint pain (41.8%); gastrointestinal trouble comprising diarrhea (39.3%), worm (23.8%), acidity (66.4%), vomiting (2.5%) and loss of appetite (32%); problem in the head containing headache (54.1%) and lice (22.1%); and lastly problem in eyes adding blur vision (11.5%) and night blindness (0.8%). Women waste collectors have been found more vulnerable to health hazards due to their gender marginality.
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