Association of oral health during pregnancy with birth outcomes: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study from District Rawalpindi
Background: Infection caused by periodontal disease, remains as an independent cause of preterm birth, where production of inflammatory mediators stimulates immune and inflammatory responses resulting in premature birth.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to improve oral health during pregnancy to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes and oral complications.
Methods: It was a comparative cross-sectional study. Total 94 women were randomly selected and interviewed at THQ Hospital, Gujar Khan during the duration of three months. Two groups were made, one group was the group of mothers who gave birth to babies with normal term and weight while other group was the group of mothers who delivered preterm or LBW babies. Data was collected through a questionnaire and then entered and analyzed through SPSS.
Results: Upon oral examination, study revealed that 43.6% were those in which the periodontal disease was absent, 43.6% was there in mild condition and 12.8% were in moderate periodontitis and there was no participant with severe periodontitis. On comparing oral health status between mothers of two groups of normal babies and babies of LBW or babies born prematurely it was observed that mothers of 10 babies were having mild periodontitis.
Conclusion: This study concluded that there is need to work on the improvement of knowledge and awareness regarding maintenance of oral health among pregnant women and women of child bearing age.
Keywords: Pregnancy, Birth, Oral, Periodontitis, Comparative study
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