Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Female Sex Workers about HIV/AIDS prevention in Lahore, Pakistan
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Female Sex Workers about HIV/AIDS prevention in Lahore, Pakistan: HIV/AIDs
Despite the efforts of national and international organizations, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) incidence have not been controlled in Pakistan. As the annual rate of increase of HIV incidence in Pakistan increased from 11.79 (6.98 to 25-04) in 1990 to 2000 to 15.09 (6.58 to 26.35) in 2001-2013 respectively.
A cross-sectional study, involving 65 participants, was conducted in October and November 2015 in Lahore, Pakistan. Stratified sampling technique was applied and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the data from eligible participants.
Only 36% of the participants exhibited requisite knowledge about all modes of transmission regarding HIV/AIDS, which was reported as zero in 2014 during base line study, found a significant (p <0.01) change in the same population. Similarly 44% participants showed awareness about all types of the STIs during this study, while it was zero in baseline. Only 2% increase of awareness was found about the symptoms of STIs in present study (2%) as compared to baseline (zero), this area of awareness was detected poor. Education was found significantly (p < 0.05) associated with poor knowledge of HIV/AIDS and STIs. In this study 84% participants reported to use condom, while base line study reported only 2% participants were using condoms, in this area significant (p<0.001) improvement was determined. Fear to lose the client was also reported by 22 % participants as the main barriers towards use of condoms.
The findings of this study showed poor comprehensive knowledge of participants about HIV/AIDS and STIs. Partial knowledge was satisfactory but partial knowledge about HIV/AIDs and STIs cannot prevent of transmission. Hence; there is dire need to enhance the awareness level of weak areas to achieve the target.
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